Knowledge Translation

What is Knowledge Translation?

According to CIHR, knowledge translation (KT) is defined as a dynamic and iterative process that includes synthesis, dissemination, exchange and ethically-sound application of knowledge to improve the health of Canadians, provide more effective health services and products and strengthen the health care system. This process takes place within a complex system of interactions between researchers and knowledge users which may vary in intensity, complexity and level of engagement depending on the nature of the research and the findings as well as the needs of the particular knowledge user.


Why is KT essential in child health research?

Understanding the science of knowledge translation, specific to child health, is fundamental to ensuring that the best available evidence informs the health and health care of infants, children, youth and families. Much of the extant KT research has focused on adult health care conditions and healthcare environments, thus neglecting to explore the unique needs that providing health care to children demands. The settings that deliver health care to children are unique and vastly multidisciplinary, encompassing a wide-range of health professionals. Previous research points to the distinctive challenges of providing health care to children including: 1) children (in comparison to adult patients) require additional time, effort, and skill from staff caring for them, 2) children demand higher emotional investment from health professionals, 3) the dynamic nature of children’s health care needs, 4) the expectation of family-centred care, and 5) the unique ethical situations encountered in pediatric care. Hospitalized children under three years of age require significantly more nursing care than older children, and in fact, their use of nursing resources is similar to that of hospitalized elderly patients. The largest improvements to health care for children can be achieved through concentrating on common conditions that affect the largest numbers of children each year.

"The difference between what we do and what we are capable of doing would suffice to solve most the the world's problems." Mohandas Gandhi

This quote was written on a City of Edmonton 'Green Shack' - a free drop-in playground program in the summer for children ages 6 to 12 years old. And it is a perfect fit for our message about KT in child health research!

An abbreviated list of Dr. Scott's KT-related publications (please click to access):

Toward better measures of research utilization: A Canada-Sweden effort, published in 2011 in the Journal of Advanced Nursing 67(8), 1705-1718. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2648.2011.05610.x

Mapping the knowledge utilization field in nursing from 1945-2004: A bibliometric analysis, published in 2010 in Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing, 7(4), 226-237. doi: 10.1111/j.1741-6787.2010.00197.x

The relationship between characteristics of context and research utilization in a pediatric setting, published in 2010 in BMC Health Services Research, 10(168), 1-10. doi:10.1186/1472-6963-10-168

Supporting Consumers’ Access to Research How Nurses Can Help Patients Use Evidence to Make Medical Decisions, published in 2009 in Nursing for Women’s Health, 12(6), 476-479.

The intellectual structure and substance of the knowledge utilization field: A longitudinal author co-citation analysis, 1945-2004, published in 2008 in Implementation Science, 3(49), 1-22.  doi:10.1186/1748-5908-3-49

A context of uncertainty: How context shapes nurses’ research utilization behaviors, published in 2008 in Qualitative Health Research, 18(3), 347-357. doi: 10.1177/1049732307313354.

Getting research into practice, which strategies work? published in 2008 in Nursing for Women’s Health, 12(3), 204-207.

Patterns of research utilization on patient care units, published in 2008 in Implementation Science, 3(31), 1-16. doi:10.1186/1748-5908-3-31

The role of nursing unit culture in shaping research utilization behaviors, published in 2008 in Research in Nursing and Health, 31(4), 298-309. doi: 10.1002/nurs.20264

The relationship between busyness and research use: It is about time, published in 2008 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(4), 539-548. 

Bridging the gap between clinical research and knowledge translation in pediatric emergency medicine, published in 2007 in Academic Emergency Medicine, 14(11), 968-977.